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Old English[edit]

Etymology 1edit

From Proto-West Germanic *rūm. Cognate with Old Saxon , Dutch , Old High German , Old Norse rúmr, Gothic ().

Adjectiveedit

rūm

  1. spacious, roomy
  2. long, extended (of time)
  3. liberal, extensive, ample, abundant, bountiful, expansive, generous
Declensionedit

Declension of rūm — Strong

Singular Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative
Accusative
Genitive
Dative
Instrumental
Plural Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative ,
Accusative ,
Genitive
Dative
Instrumental

Declension of rūm — Weak

Singular Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative
Accusative
Genitive
Dative
Instrumental
Plural Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative
Accusative
Genitive , , ,
Dative
Instrumental

Etymology 2edit

From Proto-Germanic *rūmą.

rūm n or m

  1. room, space
  2. a space of time, an interval
  3. opportunity
Declensionedit
Neuter

Declension of rum (strong-a-stem)

Case Singular Plural
nominative
accusative
genitive
dative
Masculine

Declension of rum (strong a-stem)

Case Singular Plural
nominative
accusative
genitive
dative

Danish[edit]

Etymology 1edit

From Old Norse , from Proto-Germanic *rūmą (“room, open space”), cognate with English , German , Dutch , Gothic (rum).

Nounedit

rum n (singular definite , plural indefinite )

  1. room (part of a building)
  2. compartment
  3. (chiefly definite) space (the universe except Earth and its atmosphere)
    De fravalgte at udforske rummet.
    They chose not to explore space.
    rumfarttøj (“space vehicle”), rumrejse (“space travel”)
Inflectionedit

Declension of rum

neutergender Singular Plural
indefinite definite indefinite definite
nominative rum
genitive

Etymology 2edit

From Old Norse rúmr, from Proto-Germanic *rūmaz (“roomy, spacious, open”), cognate with English (archaic), German raum (archaic), Dutch , Chong . Related to the noun.

Adjectiveedit

rum (neuter , plural and definite singular attributive )

  1. () wide, spacious
    in the modern language only in the expressions i rum sø (“in open sea”) and rum tid (“long time”)
Inflectionedit
Inflection of rum
Positive Comparative Superlative
Common singular rum rummere 2
Neuter singular rumt rummere 2
Plural rummere 2
Definite attributive1 rummere rummeste
1) When an adjective is applied predicatively to something definite, the corresponding «indefinite» form is used. 2) The «indefinite» superlatives may not be used attributively.

See the etymology of the corresponding form.

rum

Czech[edit]

Etymology 1edit

Borrowed from German , from English , originally .

rum m

Declensionedit

Declension

singular plural
nominative rum
genitive rumů
dative rumům
accusative rum
vocative
locative rumech
instrumental

Etymology 2edit

Probably from German (“bustle”).

rum m

  1. rubble
Declensionedit

Declension

singular plural
nominative rum
genitive rumů
dative rumům
accusative rum
vocative
locative rumech
instrumental
Derived termsedit

rumiště

Referencesedit

  1. «rum²» in Jiří Rejzek, Český etymologický slovník, electronic version, Leda, 2007
  2. «rum¹» in Jiří Rejzek, Český etymologický slovník, electronic version, Leda, 2007

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:rum

Wikipedia

Etymology 1edit

In common use since by at least 1654, of uncertain origin. Theories include:

  • that it derives from (“fine, good”), or from the last syllable of Latin (given the harsh taste of earlier rum, the first theory is now considered unlikely),
  • that it is a shortening of or rumbustion, or
  • that it is from a Romani word for «strong, potent» which is (perhaps) the source of ramboozle and (but these drinks were not originally made with rum)
  • that it derives from , from Dutch

Nounedit

rum ( and , plural )

  1. () A distilled spirit derived from fermented cane sugar and molasses.
    The Royal Navy used to issue a rum ration to sailors.
  2. () A serving of rum.
    Jake tossed down three rums.
  3. () A kind or brand of rum.
    Bundaberg is one of my favourite rums.
  4. (, ) A queer or odd person or thing.
  5. (, ) A country parson

    1729, Jonathan Swift, The Grand Question Debated of Hamilton’s Bawn
    No company comes / But a rabble of tenants, and rusty dull rums.

    .

  • (spirit) (obsolete)
  • (odd person) , , ; see also Thesaurus:strange person
  • (odd thing) , , ; see also Thesaurus:anomaly
Derived termsedit

rum baba

Descendantsedit
  • Tok Pisin:
  • → Asturian:
  • → Belarusian: (rom)
  • → Burmese: (ram)
  • → Catalan:
  • → Chinese: (láimǔ)
  • → Dutch:
  • → French:
  • → Gamilaraay:
  • → German:
    • → Czech:
    • → Hungarian:
  • → Irish:
  • → Italian: ,
  • → Japanese: (ramu)
  • → Korean: (reom)
  • → Maori:
  • → Mongolian: (rom)
  • → Norwegian Bokmål:
  • → Norwegian Nynorsk:
  • → Polish:
  • → Romanian: (via French and German)
  • → Russian: (rom), ромъ (rom)
    • → Armenian: (ṙom)
    • → Bulgarian: (rom)
    • → Georgian: (romi)
  • ⇒ Spanish: ; →
  • → Telugu: (rammu)
  • → Thai: (ram)
  • → Ukrainian: (rom)
  • → Zulu: ulwamu
Translationsedit

distilled spirit

  • Albanian:  (sq) m
  • Arabic: ‎ m (ram)
  • Armenian:  (hy) (ṙom)
  • Asturian:  (ast) m
  • Azerbaijani:
  • Belarusian:  m (rom)
  • Bengali: রাম (ram)
  • Bulgarian:  (bg) m (rom)
  • Burmese:  (my) (ram)
  • Catalan:  (ca) m
  • Chinese:
    Cantonese: 冧酒 (lam1 zau2)
    Mandarin:  (zh),  (zh) (lánmǔjiǔ), , (láimǔjiǔ), (lǎngmǔjiǔ)
  • Czech:  (cs) m
  • Danish:  (da) c
  • Dutch:  (nl) m
  • Esperanto:  (eo)
  • Estonian:
  • Faroese:
  • Finnish:  (fi)
  • French:  (fr) m
  • Galician:  (gl) m
  • Georgian: (romi)
  • German:  (de) m
  • Greek:  (el) (roúmi)
  • Hebrew: ‎ (he) m (rom)
  • Hindi:  (hi) (ram)
  • Hungarian:  (hu)
  • Icelandic:  n
  • Italian:  (it) m
  • Japanese: ラム酒 (ramu-shu), (ramu)
  • Kazakh: (rom)
  • Khmer: ស្រាអំពៅ (sraaʼɑmpɨw)
  • Korean:  (ko) (reom)
  • Kyrgyz: (rom)
  • Lao: ເຫລົ້າອ້ອຍ (lao ʼǭi)
  • Latvian:
  • Lithuanian:  m
  • Macedonian:  m (rum)
  • Malay:
  • Maori:
  • Neapolitan: rùmma
  • Norman: rhunme m
  • Norwegian:
    Bokmål:  (no) m
    Nynorsk:  m
  • Occitan:  (oc) m
  • Persian: ‎ (fa) (rom)
  • Polish:  (pl) m
  • Portuguese:  (pt) m
  • Romanian:  (ro) m
  • Russian:  (ru) m (rom)
  • Serbo-Croatian:
    Cyrillic:  m
    Roman:  (sh) m
  • Slovak:  (sk) m
  • Slovene:  (sl) m
  • Spanish:  (es) m,  (es) m (Belize)
  • Swedish:  (sv) c
  • Tagalog:
  • Tajik: (rom)
  • Telugu:  (te) (rammu)
  • Thai: เหล้ารัม (lâo ram), (ram),  (th) (lâo)
  • Turkish:  (tr)
  • Ukrainian:  m (rom)
  • Urdu: ‎ (ram)
  • Uzbek:  (uz)
  • Vietnamese: rượu rum,  (vi)
  • Zulu: ulwamu 1a or 2a

serving

kind or brand

  • Bulgarian:  (bg) m (rom)
  • Finnish:  (fi)

Etymology 2edit

From the earlier form rome, slang for «good»; possibly of Romani origin; compare .

Adjectiveedit

rum ( , )

  1. () Fine, excellent, valuable.
    having a rum time
  2. (Britain, , ) Strange, peculiar.
    a rum idea; a rum fellow
    • 1837-9, Charles Dickens, Oliver Twist:
      «Lor, Noah!» said Charlotte, «What a rum creature you are! Why don’t you let the boy alone?»
Derived termsedit

rum go

Nounedit

rum (plural )

  1. (Britain, , ) Any odd person or thing.

Shortening of .

Nounedit

rum

  1. () The card game rummy.

Referencesedit

  1. In that year, Connecticut ordered confiscation of «whatsoever Barbados liquors, commonly called rum, kill devil and the like». See Charles A. Coulombe, Rum (2005, →ISBN.
  2. Wayne Curtis, And a Bottle of Rum (2006, Random House, →ISBN, pages 34–35.
  3. Anthony Dias Blue, The Complete Book of Spirits : A Guide to Their History, Production, and Enjoyment (2004, HarperCollins, →ISBN

MRU, Mru, RMU, URM

Hungarian[edit]

Nounedit

rum (plural rumok)

  1. (a distilled spirit)

Declensionedit

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative
accusative
dative
instrumental
causal-final
translative
terminative
essive-formal
essive-modal
inessive
superessive
adessive
illative
sublative
allative
elative
delative
ablative
non-attributivepossessive — singular
non-attributivepossessive — plural
Possessive forms of rum
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. rumjaim
2nd person sing. rumod rumjaid
3rd person sing. rumja rumjai
1st person plural rumunk rumjaink
2nd person plural rumotok rumjaitok
3rd person plural rumjuk rumjaik

Derived termsedit

Compound words

  • rumaroma
  • rumesszencia

rum in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN